作者:扁邓王 来源:原创 时间:2019-06-27 阅读:613652262 次

英雄联盟解说:工程项目资金计划申请表_示威者在减税和提高工资后是否将愤怒情绪减半?麦克隆|黄色背心|法国

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    原标题:示威者人数的一半,愤怒的“黄色背心”即将结束?法国的“黄背心运动”已经进入第五周。据法新社报道,12月15日,大约66000名身穿黄色背心的人在法国举行了第五次大规模示威,而巴黎的2000多人参加了示威。法国政治专家表示,抗议者人数从12月8日的126000人减少一半,主要原因是马可龙周一在电视上发表演讲,并宣布了一系列减税和增薪措施。法国警方说,自从上个月的抗议活动以来,已经有8人死亡,数百人受伤,数千人被捕。经济上,法国财政部长勒迈尔说,抗议活动导致法国第四季度国内生产总值增长下降0.1%,并在圣诞节期间对法国商业和旅游业造成重大影响,预计零售商的收入将下降近10亿欧元?!段辣ā吩斗ü瞧谌杖毡ā纷钚碌拿褚獾鞑槌?,麦克伦的支持率在过去一个月中下降了2个百分点,至23%,对麦克伦的“非常不满意”率上升了6个百分点,至45%?!侗本┬挛拧返募钦咝涣匀加退暗脑黾痈械椒吲??!盎坡砑以硕鼻傲街艿目挂榛疃饕性谟图凵险呛腿加退吧?。据法新社(AgenceFranchPresse)报道,法国司机常用的柴油价格在过去一年里上涨了23%。为了履行《巴黎气候协定》的承诺,马克伦已经下令从2019年起对每升柴油和汽油征收7.6%和3.9%的碳税,这将导致这两种油的价格飞涨。法国人民很生气。11月17日,287000人参加了游行和抗议;11月24日,166000人参加了游行和抗议,这些游行和抗议包围了总统府,占据了主要的道路和收费站、加油站等。据法新社报道,11月中旬,抗议活动主要发生在法国农村和偏远郊区,受燃油税上涨影响最大的地区。然而,麦克伦政府的最初政策是忽视,而不是调停,并拒绝妥协。麦克伦甚至称持续的暴力骚乱是法国人的“耻辱”,抗议活动迅速蔓延到全国各地。2。反对麦克伦改革的抗议。第三和第四周的抗议活动逐渐从对燃油税增加的不满情绪蔓延到对麦克伦其他经济、社会和教育改革的不满情绪。2017年5月,39岁的马克·朗兴高采烈地当选为法国总统。就职后,他推行了提高退休人员税收、学费和大学入学限制的改革,引起了很多人的不满。12月1日,136000人参加了示威,这次示威引发了法国近半个世纪以来最严重的骚乱。整个巴黎“火光四射”,几乎瘫痪。12月8日,126000人参加了示威和抗议,法国标志性建筑如埃菲尔铁塔和凯旋门被迫关闭。马龙最终意识到问题的严重性,并首次与“黄色背心”妥协。12月初,麦克伦政府首先宣布推迟提高燃油税,然后宣布完全放弃这项政策。然而,“黄色背心”的愤怒并没有停止。示威者开始抗议麦克伦的其他改革,要求提高最低工资,降低税收,增加社会福利,放宽大学入学限制。三。对马克·朗本人不满意。在“黄马甲运动”之前,许多法国人指责他是“富人总统”,说他奢侈浪费,对穷人的生活一无所知,总是“首当其冲”??挂榛疃己?,许多“黄马家”抗议者对马克·朗作为前银行家的身份表示不满,称他有一位坚强的“精英大师”。正义的思想。马克·朗自己也意识到了这一点,所以他第二次妥协了。12月10日晚,马龙在全国电视台发表讲话,宣布一系列减税和薪资上调,包括最低工资标准提高100欧元,加班工资不征税,年终奖金不征税。与此同时,马克·龙第一次在公众面前表现得低调,声称他知道“他的话伤害了一些人”,应该“承担他的责任”。这次电视讲话被近2300万人观看,甚至比法国世界杯的评级还要高,但是许多抗议者对麦克伦的“妥协”并不满意。许多人说他们想听马克·朗说:“我辞职了?!薄肮癯楣丁钡谖逯艿氖就涂挂榛疃〉枚?,但提出了新的要求。一位28岁的抗议者在15日的一次采访中说:“上次我们抗议征税,这次我们抗议制度,我们要直接民主!”据报道,“黄马家”的很多抗议者要求将“公民倡议公投”纳入法国宪法,允许公民就重大经济和社会问题发起公投?!短┪钍勘ā匪?,这项提议也得到了极右翼领导人勒庞和左翼领导人梅琅雄的支持。据俄罗斯卫星网络报道,法国总理菲利普在一次采访中说,许多人提议引入“公民倡议全民公决”,并且“没有人能反对这一原则,但是它没有任何条件或任何议题”。他还承认法国政府“犯了错误”,对人民做的不够。直到上周,民意调查显示大多数法国人都支持“黄色背心”的抗议活动。马龙演讲后的第二天民调显示,一半的抗议者支持继续和停止示威。然而,一些受访者告诉法新社,他们没有预料到15日抗议活动的数量会下降这么多,但这一行动不会停止。北京新闻:第五周的抗议人数比前一周减少了一半。原因是什么?张金玲:这是法国的圣诞节。每个人都很忙,许多抗议者都有工作。他们需要在圣诞节前后提高营业额,但是他们没有太多的时间抗议。法国历史上曾发生过许多抗议活动,经过一段时间后,抗议活动普遍减弱。马克·朗上周回应了许多抗议者的直接要求。减税和提高工资的提议自然会再次减少参加示威和抗议的人数?!缎戮┍ā罚骸盎坡砑以硕焙艋健肮癯楣丁?,反映了什么问题?张金玲:公民要求就重大经济和社会问题,即直接民主进行公民投票。这一呼吁表明,法国目前的政治和民主制度已不再适合当前的社会环境。在某种意义上,要求公民投票也是与精英政治的决裂,反映了普通民众对法国精英政治的不满。北京新闻:面对“黄马甲运动”带来的?;?,法国政府下一步将如何应对?张金玲:黄马甲运动反映了法国经济社会的一些问题。目前,法国有三个主要发展方向:第一,发展经济。近年来,由于经济基础的不足,法国遭受了严重的失业、物价上涨、购买力下降和社会保障的削弱。法国需要利用经济增长来推动各种社会机制的顺利运行,从而解决现有的社会问题。第二,改革政治机制。随着社会的发展和变化,法国的政治机制也需要改革,否则其政治生活中的矛盾将会加深。第三,要考虑民生问题。法国人民的生活越来越严重了。从低收入群体到中等收入群体,他们面临着不同的生计问题,这是政府需要解决的。照片/视觉中国,北京新闻制图/高君福责任编辑:于鹏飞

yuan biao ti: shi wei zhe ren shu de yi ban, fen nu de" huang se bei xin" ji jiang jie shu? fa guo de" huang bei xin yun dong" yi jing jin ru di wu zhou. ju fa xin she bao dao, 12 yue 15 ri, da yue 66000 ming shen chuan huang se bei xin de ren zai fa guo ju xing le di wu ci da gui mo shi wei, er ba li de 2000 duo ren shen jia le shi wei. fa guo zheng zhi zhuan jia biao shi, kang yi zhe ren shu cong 12 yue 8 ri de 126000 ren jian shao yi ban, zhu yao yuan yin shi ma ke long zhou yi zai dian shi shang fa biao yan jiang, bing xuan bu le yi xi lie jian shui he zeng xin cuo shi. fa guo jing fang shuo, zi cong shang ge yue de kang yi huo dong yi lai, yi jing you 8 ren si wang, shu bai ren shou shang, shu qian ren bei bu. jing ji shang, fa guo cai zheng bu zhang lei mai er shuo, kang yi huo dong dao zhi fa guo di si ji du guo nei sheng chan zong zhi zeng zhang xia jiang 0. 1, bing zai sheng dan jie qi jian dui fa guo shang ye he lv you ye zao cheng zhong da ying xiang, yu ji ling shou shang de shou ru jiang xia jiang jin 10 yi ou yuan. wei bao yuan yin fa guo xing qi ri ri bao zui xin de min yi diao cha cheng, mai ke lun de zhi chi lv zai guo qu yi ge yue zhong xia jiang le 2 ge bai fen dian, zhi 23, dui mai ke lun de" fei chang bu man yi" lv shang sheng le 6 ge bai fen dian, zhi 45. bei jing xin wen de ji zhe xie lian dui ran you shui de zeng jia gan dao fen nu." huang ma jia yun dong" qian liang zhou de kang yi huo dong zhu yao ji zhong zai you jia shang zhang he ran you shui shang. ju fa xin she AgenceFranchPresse bao dao, fa guo si ji chang yong de chai you jia ge zai guo qu yi nian li shang zhang le 23. wei le lv xing ba li qi hou xie ding de cheng nuo, ma ke lun yi jing xia ling cong 2019 nian qi dui mei sheng chai you he qi you zheng shou 7. 6 he 3. 9 de tan shui, zhe jiang dao zhi zhe liang zhong you de jia ge fei zhang. fa guo ren min hen sheng qi. 11 yue 17 ri, 287000 ren shen jia le you xing he kang yi 11 yue 24 ri, 166000 ren shen jia le you xing he kang yi, zhei xie you xing he kang yi bao wei le zong tong fu, zhan ju le zhu yao de dao lu he shou fei zhan jia you zhan deng. ju fa xin she bao dao, 11 yue zhong xun, kang yi huo dong zhu yao fa sheng zai fa guo nong cun he pian yuan jiao qu, shou ran you shui shang zhang ying xiang zui da de di qu. ran er, mai ke lun zheng fu de zui chu zheng ce shi hu shi, er bu shi tiao ting, bing ju jue tuo xie. mai ke lun shen zhi cheng chi xu de bao li sao luan shi fa guo ren de" chi ru", kang yi huo dong xun su man yan dao quan guo ge di. 2. fan dui mai ke lun gai ge de kang yi. di san he di si zhou de kang yi huo dong zhu jian cong dui ran you shui zeng jia de bu man qing xu man yan dao dui mai ke lun qi ta jing ji she hui he jiao yu gai ge de bu man qing xu. 2017 nian 5 yue, 39 sui de ma ke lang xing gao cai lie di dang xuan wei fa guo zong tong. jiu zhi hou, ta tui xing le ti gao tui xiu ren yuan shui shou xue fei he da xue ru xue xian zhi de gai ge, yin qi le hen duo ren de bu man. 12 yue 1 ri, 136000 ren shen jia le shi wei, zhe ci shi wei yin fa le fa guo jin ban ge shi ji yi lai zui yan zhong de sao luan. zheng ge ba li" huo guang si she", ji hu tan huan. 12 yue 8 ri, 126000 ren shen jia le shi wei he kang yi, fa guo biao zhi xing jian zhu ru ai fei er tie ta he kai xuan men bei po guan bi. ma long zui zhong yi shi dao wen ti de yan zhong xing, bing shou ci yu" huang se bei xin" tuo xie. 12 yue chu, mai ke lun zheng fu shou xian xuan bu tui chi ti gao ran you shui, ran hou xuan bu wan quan fang qi zhe xiang zheng ce. ran er," huang se bei xin" de fen nu bing mei you ting zhi. shi wei zhe kai shi kang yi mai ke lun de qi ta gai ge, yao qiu ti gao zui di gong zi, jiang di shui shou, zeng jia she hui fu li, fang kuan da xue ru xue xian zhi. san. dui ma ke lang ben ren bu man yi. zai" huang ma jia yun dong" zhi qian, xu duo fa guo ren zhi ze ta shi" fu ren zong tong", shuo ta she chi lang fei, dui qiong ren de sheng huo yi wu suo zhi, zong shi" shou dang qi chong". kang yi huo dong kai shi hou, xu duo" huang ma jia" kang yi zhe dui ma ke lang zuo wei qian yin hang jia de shen fen biao shi bu man, cheng ta you yi wei jian qiang de" jing ying da shi". zheng yi de si xiang. ma ke lang zi ji ye yi shi dao le zhe yi dian, suo yi ta di er ci tuo xie le. 12 yue 10 ri wan, ma long zai quan guo dian shi tai fa biao jiang hua, xuan bu yi xi lie jian shui he xin zi shang diao, bao kuo zui di gong zi biao zhun ti gao 100 ou yuan, jia ban gong zi bu zheng shui, nian zhong jiang jin bu zheng shui. yu ci tong shi, ma ke long di yi ci zai gong zhong mian qian biao xian de di diao, sheng cheng ta zhi dao" ta de hua shang hai le yi xie ren", ying gai" cheng dan ta de ze ren". zhe ci dian shi jiang hua bei jin 2300 wan ren guan kan, shen zhi bi fa guo shi jie bei de ping ji hai yao gao, dan shi xu duo kang yi zhe dui mai ke lun de" tuo xie" bing bu man yi. xu duo ren shuo ta men xiang ting ma ke lang shuo:" wo ci zhi le."" gong min chang yi gong tou" di wu zhou de shi wei he kang yi huo dong yao xiao de duo, dan ti chu le xin de yao qiu. yi wei 28 sui de kang yi zhe zai 15 ri de yi ci cai fang zhong shuo:" shang ci wo men kang yi zheng shui, zhe ci wo men kang yi zhi du, wo men yao zhi jie min zhu!" ju bao dao," huang ma jia" de hen duo kang yi zhe yao qiu jiang" gong min chang yi gong tou" na ru fa guo xian fa, yun xu gong min jiu zhong da jing ji he she hui wen ti fa qi gong tou. tai wu shi bao shuo, zhe xiang ti yi ye de dao le ji you yi ling dao ren le pang he zuo yi ling dao ren mei lang xiong de zhi chi. ju e luo si wei xing wang luo bao dao, fa guo zong li fei li pu zai yi ci cai fang zhong shuo, xu duo ren ti yi yin ru" gong min chang yi quan min gong jue", bing qie" mei you ren neng fan dui zhe yi yuan ze, dan shi ta mei you ren he tiao jian huo ren he yi ti". ta hai cheng ren fa guo zheng fu" fan le cuo wu", dui ren min zuo de bu gou. zhi dao shang zhou, min yi diao cha xian shi da duo shu fa guo ren dou zhi chi" huang se bei xin" de kang yi huo dong. ma long yan jiang hou de di er tian min diao xian shi, yi ban de kang yi zhe zhi chi ji xu he ting zhi shi wei. ran er, yi xie shou fang zhe gao su fa xin she, ta men mei you yu liao dao 15 ri kang yi huo dong de shu liang hui xia jiang zhe me duo, dan zhe yi xing dong bu hui ting zhi. bei jing xin wen: di wu zhou de kang yi ren shu bi qian yi zhou jian shao le yi ban. yuan yin shi shen me? zhang jin ling: zhe shi fa guo de sheng dan jie. mei ge ren dou hen mang, xu duo kang yi zhe dou you gong zuo. ta men xu yao zai sheng dan jie qian hou ti gao ying ye e, dan shi ta men mei you tai duo de shi jian kang yi. fa guo li shi shang ceng fa sheng guo xu duo kang yi huo dong, jing guo yi duan shi jian hou, kang yi huo dong pu bian jian ruo. ma ke lang shang zhou hui ying le xu duo kang yi zhe de zhi jie yao qiu. jian shui he ti gao gong zi de ti yi zi ran hui zai ci jian shao can jia shi wei he kang yi de ren shu. xin jing bao:" huang ma jia yun dong" hu huan" gong min chang yi gong tou", fan ying le shen me wen ti? zhang jin ling: gong min yao qiu jiu zhong da jing ji he she hui wen ti, ji zhi jie min zhu jin xing gong min tou piao. zhe yi hu yu biao ming, fa guo mu qian de zheng zhi he min zhu zhi du yi bu zai shi he dang qian de she hui huan jing. zai mou zhong yi yi shang, yao qiu gong min tou piao ye shi yu jing ying zheng zhi de jue lie, fan ying le pu tong min zhong dui fa guo jing ying zheng zhi de bu man. bei jing xin wen: mian dui" huang ma jia yun dong" dai lai de wei ji, fa guo zheng fu xia yi bu jiang ru he ying dui? zhang jin ling: huang ma jia yun dong fan ying le fa guo jing ji she hui de yi xie wen ti. mu qian, fa guo you san ge zhu yao fa zhan fang xiang: di yi, fa zhan jing ji. jin nian lai, you yu jing ji ji chu de bu zu, fa guo zao shou le yan zhong de shi ye wu jia shang zhang gou mai li xia jiang he she hui bao zhang de xue ruo. fa guo xu yao li yong jing ji zeng zhang lai tui dong ge zhong she hui ji zhi de shun li yun xing, cong er jie jue xian you de she hui wen ti. di er, gai ge zheng zhi ji zhi. sui zhe she hui de fa zhan he bian hua, fa guo de zheng zhi ji zhi ye xu yao gai ge, fou ze qi zheng zhi sheng huo zhong de mao dun jiang hui jia shen. di san, yao kao lv min sheng wen ti. fa guo ren min de sheng huo yue lai yue yan zhong le. cong di shou ru qun ti dao zhong deng shou ru qun ti, ta men mian lin zhe bu tong de sheng ji wen ti, zhe shi zheng fu xu yao jie jue de. zhao pian shi jue zhong guo, bei jing xin wen zhi tu gao jun fu ze ren bian ji: yu peng fei

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